System innovation : 1+1=3

Innovation is often associated with breakthrough products or services, but what if we said there is something that is transformative in a different way? Systems innovation is a holistic approach that transcends the individual parts to address complex system-level challenges.

Let’s explore the concept of systems innovation, how it differs from regular innovation, and what we need to consider to succeed with it.

See the big picture

That is easier said than done in today’s complex and sometimes chaotic world. System innovation represents a kind of paradigm shift in problem solving with the realization that systems are more than the sum of their parts. Rather than focusing solely on breaking down complex problems and then focusing on improving the parts to create something better, systems innovation also takes into account the interaction between different components of a larger system.

By addressing underlying structures, feedback loops, and dependencies, systems innovation seeks to catalyze transformative change that affects the entire system more than a mere focus on the constituent parts can.

The power of interdisciplinary collaboration

In systems innovation, we must deal with the importance of cross-connections. Collaboration across disciplines, sectors and stakeholders is critical to understanding complex systems and designing effective interventions.

By bringing together different perspectives, knowledge and expertise, systems innovation promotes creativity, resilience and adaptability in the face of uncertainty. We get an opportunity to formulate problems at system level and create new conditions for looking at the whole in a new way.

What distinguishes system innovation from ordinary innovation

While ordinary innovation often focuses on improvements or leaps in specific functions, systems innovation takes a broader view, aiming to reshape entire systems. While ordinary innovation may solve specific problems or opportunities within a given context, systemic innovation seeks to transform underlying structures, behaviors and dynamics that perpetuate systemic challenges.

While ordinary innovation benefits from people with deep knowledge in one area being able to develop that area, system innovation focuses on people with deep knowledge in completely different areas being able to work with the whole. It’s about changing the rules of the game rather than just playing it better or in a different way.

Key considerations for achieving system innovation

Achieving system innovation requires careful consideration of several factors:

  1. Systems thinking: Embrace a systems thinking approach to understand the interconnectedness and complexity of the problem.
  2. Stakeholder engagement: Involve different stakeholders throughout the innovation process to ensure inclusion, legitimacy and ownership of solutions.
  3. Long-term vision: Develop a clear long-term vision for the desired system change and identify intermediate milestones to track progress.
  4. Experimentation and learning: Embrace experimentation, iteration and learning from failure as important components of the innovation journey.
  5. Policy and governance: Recognize the role that policy frameworks, regulations and governance structures play in shaping system behavior and stimulating innovation.

Methods such as hackathons can often be part of system innovation processes.

Nature’s approach to system change

Sometimes it is said that climate change is not a problem for the earth, it is people (and animals) who are affected. The earth with its nature will change but remain with new conditions even if the people do not.

Nature therefore often offers valuable insights and ways of thinking about how system changes occur organically. Ecosystems, for example, are dynamic and adaptive systems that constantly evolve in response to changing conditions. They demonstrate resilience, diversity and symbiotic relationships that sustain life and foster innovation. By following nature’s principles, we can learn valuable lessons to design and implement effective system innovation initiatives.

Examples of system innovation

  • Sustainability: The transition to renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, represents a system shift away from fossil fuels and addresses environmental, social and economic challenges.
  • Circular transition: Initiatives promoting the circular economy aim to redesign systems to minimize waste, maximize resource efficiency and promote new sustainable consumption and production patterns.
  • Urban development: Smart city initiatives integrate technology, infrastructure and governance to create more vibrant, sustainable and resilient urban environments.
  • Creating new ecosystems: Initiatives such as urban agriculture, green infrastructure and regeneration efforts aim to restore ecological balance and create thriving ecosystems in both urban and rural areas.


System innovation thus involves a transformative change that transcends individually focused solutions to deal with complex challenges fundamentally. By embracing interdisciplinary collaboration, systems thinking and a long-term vision, we can unlock new opportunities to create more sustainable, resilient and inclusive systems.

Through system innovation, we can chart a course towards a brighter future for people and the planet. An innovation course where 1+1=3.